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Newspaper Proprietor

George de Fraine was born in Aylesbury in 1808, the son of Luke who was a hairdresser and later a gardener and seedsman. He married Elizabeth Turner, the daughter of John Turner, in 1829. In 1841 his profession was listed as printer, by 1851 he describes himself as a printer and newspaper proprietor. In 1861, his son George Turner de Fraine aged 19 is also listed as a printer.

When I have an opportunity to visit Aylesbury, I should be able to find out more detail about the de Fraine printing firm, and I will need to explore the Stationer’s Hall Archives for them as well, but some of the history I already know. It seems that John Turner was involved in the printing business in Aylesbury and George Sr. may well have worked for him, followed by George Jr.

George Turner de Fraine became the proprietor of The Bucks Herald from 1872. The first issue under his regime being published on October 5th, 1872. His eldest son, Thomas Turner, my great grandfather, wanted to be a farmer and the business then went to two other sons, George Lee and Alfred Charles. Alfred’s son Brian, followed by his three sons, then continued the business.

The Bucks Herald Website shows photographs of the staff outside the printing offices in Walton Street, Aylesbury in about 1900.

G.T de Fraine did not only publish the newspaper, he published many books and also postcards. A collection of these can be seen on De Fraine Postcards of Tring and District.

The following text was taken from the website of The Bucks Herald:

“Harry Thomas Ryde was the first proprietor of the paper. He founded it and it was published by him at the office of Mr May, Market Place, Aylesbury. The very first edition was published on January 7, 1832, costing just seven pence. Then it was known as the Bucks Herald or Farmers Journal and Advertising Chronicle. William Gurney had the paper from 1867 to 1872. The first issue published under the successful regime of the de Fraine family was on October 5, 1872. The Herald triumphed through the wars and reforms although in World War 1 it was reduced to a very thin sheet.

A chap called Turner later owned the Bucks Herald. In 1829 George de Fraine married his daughter. His first heir, George Turner de Fraine passed the paper on to his two sons George Lee and Alfred Charles in 1842. The paper at this time was printed in a very slow and ancient fashion, on a Wharfdale press. Alfred had a son, Brian, who became the next working heir, starting work at the Herald when he was 17. Brian retired in 1988 and handed the business over to his three sons, John, Paul and Colin. In 1961 the first new paper was aquired, the Buckingham and Winslow Advertiser. In 1989 Emap plc bought The Bucks Herald and the other papers, they were the seventh largest newspaper publishing group in the counry. The local papers including the Herald were under the group name Bucks and Herts Newspapers. In 1993 this was changed to Central Counties Newspapers. On the paper’s 150th anniversary, good wishes were sent from the Queen and Margaret Thatcher.

The Bucks Herald has moved a number of times, from Market Square to Walton Street to present Exchange Street. In 1832 when the Herald started, Aylesbury was enduring an epidemic of cholera, so great that travellers made a detour to avoid the town. People drank from wells and even pools. In 1840 the Herald advocated the death penalty for sheep stealing, so prevalent had it become.”

The Bucks Herald 1832-1963

de Fraines of Buckinghamshire

From Woburn to Chesham via Aylesbury.Farmers, printers, publishers and hairdressers. I take no credit for the bulk of the early de Fraine research. Several de Fraines will have in their possession a paper tree which was drawn up pre-internet by Phyllis de Fraine from...

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Servant of this house

  Herbert George de Fraine, son of George Turner, spent 55 years at the Bank of England and his recollections of life with the bank were published after his death at the age of 88, by his daughter in "Servant of This House" in 1960. From its earliest beginnings...

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G T de Fraine’s summer holiday

  Herbert George de Fraine also wrote about his family life in Aylesbury where his father was the publisher and printer of the local paper 'The Bucks Herald'. They lived a fairly affluent life. Herbert says that when his father had their bathroom installed it was...

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A Paper Chase

  While searching the digital newspapers, looking for information about John de Fraine, several entries for a certain G.H. de Fraine kept popping up in the Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle. As he was probably a distant relative I thought that I would...

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Schooldays

The de Fraine, Tompkins and Gillett families often sent both their sons and daughters away from home for a few years of education, and I have several times spotted familiar surnames on lists of pupils, which when I have tracked them through other census returns and through birth registrations have turned out to be related to the name I was originally looking for.

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Bluestocking

  Towards the end of the nineteenth century, both my grandmothers went to the local school and when they were old enough were sent away to board for a short time at a young ladies boarding school where they learnt the three Rs, needlework, music and possibly...

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de Fraines of Chartridge

de Fraines of Chartridge

  Thomas Turner de Fraine was a son of the de Fraine family of Aylesbury, where his father published the Bucks Herald. He was unusual in his family in wanting to be a farmer and his father sent him to learn about farming to John Tompkins who lived at Ivinghoe and...

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Old Cottage, Chartridge Lane

Old Cottage, Chartridge Lane

  Old Cottage, as far as we know, was a two up two down cottage with a cellar, next to a large double doored barn, in the 1920s. My father took the barn down and extended the house into that area. He and Ted Wells did most of the work themselves. My first memory...

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Summer Holiday 1930s

Summer Holiday 1930s

  What happened to the railway carriages in which Herbert and his family travelled to Ramsgate in the 1880s? As the new carriages became fitted up with upholstered seats and lavatories the old ones were sold off for sheds and chicken house. (Some of which are...

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Wartime Memories

Wartime Memories

. I remember it was a lovely sunny Sunday morning the day war broke out.. We listened to Mr Chamberlain’s speech on the wireless in the kitchen, the only wireless we had, and my parents were very serious and shooshed us when we, my two younger sisters and I started to speak, not really understanding what it was all about. My father took us across to the air raid shelter he had made in an old underground farm slurry tank and said that we would have to go into this dark, damp and smelly room if there was an air raid.

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George Turner de Fraine’s second marriage

  George's first wife, Henrietta née Lee, had died on the 5th May 1905 and George remarried in Bournemouth on the 15th May 1906. His second wife was a widow, Mary Brunton née Mayne. Mary was born in Aylesbury and married there in 1869. She was in Aylesbury for...

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