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Publican and Ironmonger

Lucy, first wife of George Lewcock, was the daughter of John and Ann Usher of St Ives in Huntingdonshire.
 
John was an ironmonger, later a publican and Collector of Poor Rates, of St Ives.
 
Lucy and George met in London, where they married in 1864.
 
John Usher was the son of Robert Usher and Mary Ann Fullard. He was born on the 24th May 1809 in St Ives, Huntingdonshire and baptised at the Wesleyan Chapel of St Mary’s parish in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire on the 11th June 1809.
 
John married Ann Austin in 1832 in St Ives. Ann was born in 1812 in St Ives. She was the youngest daughter of William Austin and Elizabeth Flowers.

Elizabeth had been married before. Her first husband was Richard Sparkes, a waterman. They had two sons, William born in 1793 and Richard, born in 1796, both baptised in the Presbyterian Church in St Ives. I have found no traces of their son Richard after his baptism. William was a mariner and was in Kings Lynn, married to Ann with two daughters, in 1851. He had died before 1871.

Elizabeth married William Austin in St Ives in 1803 and they had five children, Mary Ann Flowers, Eliza, John, William and Ann.
 
 
On the 6th June 1841 John and Ann were living with their five oldest children in Fish Street, St Ives. He was described as a shopman. Elizabeth Austin, widow, was also living with them. William had died the previous September in Somersham. Elizabeth died of inflammation of the bowels in November 1842. In 1851 the family were living at Ulph’s Yard, Bull Lane and John was described as an ironmonger shopman. Eliza was not listed with them.
 
 

The great x2 grandson of John and Ann Usher outside The Cross Keys, Pavement, St Ives in July 2006.

On the 7th April 1861 Ann appears in the census on in St Ives when her occupation is stated as an innkeeper’s wife at the Cross Keys Inn, Pavement. John is recorded as being there at the time, listed as a licensed victualler. Her grandson George Anderson aged 2 is also recorded as living there. However, John is also listed in Clerkenwell, Middlesex with his daughter Naomi (Breeze) at 5 Upper Baker Street. Naomi was married in the same week as the census and her father was a witness.

In 1871, John and Ann were living in Cow Lane Passage and John was a collector of poor taxes. John died in 1871 aged 61 in St Ives and when he died, Ann was granted administration of his effects, which were under £50. Ann died of breast cancer in 1875 in Leicester, where some of her children were living (see below).

 

The children of John and Ann

Few of John and Ann’s children remained in St Ives, the older children finished up in London, the younger ones departed for Leicester. They were all married in their early 20s. The only one I can’t find any trace of so far is Henry, who was born in 1851 and was still at home aged 10 in 1861.
 
Their second daughter Eliza did stay in St Ives and married Isaac Anderson, a greengrocer, but she died in 1859, soon after the births of her two sons, Harry and George. Her husband married again and the two boys were with him in 1871. Harry, an apprentice hairdresser, disappears after that, George is in Bow in 1881, but I lose track of him afterwards.
 
Their oldest daughter, Mary Ann, aged 23, married a coachman, William Everitt, who had been born in St Ives, though they married in June 1856 in St Mary’s, Bryanstone Square, Westminster after banns. They settled in London, where their two daughters, Annie and Mary Ann were born.  Her younger sister Elizabeth was a witness.
 

Alfred Austin, their oldest son, married Elizabeth Elles in St Luke, Old Street on the 25th May 1858 when his brother-in-law William Everitt was a witness. Three years later, in 1861, they were still in St Luke’s, and he was a cap front maker employing 19 young girls and a boy and still only 24 years old. In 1871, they were living at 388 City Road, Islington by then described as a wholesale milliner. In 1881, they were living at 344 Holloway Road, Islington, where he died in 1885. His business must have been successful, as his estate was worth £2,900 when probate was granted to his widow as sole executrix. They do not appear to have had any children, though of course they may have been born and buried between censuses.

On the 7th April 1861, the same day as the census that year, Naomi, a dressmaker, married Henry Breeze of Yarmouth, in Kensington. Her father, John was a witness.

Descendants of Naomi and Henry Breeze

The next child to appear in London was Elizabeth, a milliner, who married John Lovis in 1862 in Shoreditch. They had four children and the oldest, Minnie, was visiting her Aunt Lucy in 1881. John died in 1874.

Descendants of Elizabeth and John Lovis

Lucy was the next to arrive in London. In 1861, she was a waitress in the Cross Keys. Three years later she married George Albert Lewcock in Islington on 29th October 1864, she was 21. One of the witnesses was a James Payne – probably a coincidence, but her sister Fanny married a Hillyard Payne, from St Ives, at St Saviour’s, Southwark on 16th November 1868 when their father, John was described as a commercial traveller. Fanny was a dressmaker.
 
 
 

John and Ann’s other children went to Leicester

John Austin, described as a shoemaker’s apprentice in 1861, married Eliza Syshall in 1867. They had three children and he died in 1872 aged only 24.

Descendants of John and Eliza Usher

Emma remained somewhat of a mystery until recently. In 1861, she was a barmaid at The Cross Keys Inn, St Ives. I had lost Emma until I sent for a death certificate in the hopes that it would be for Ann. It was Ann’s, the informant was a Twilly and I idly decided to see who had been living at that address, 6 Clipstone Street, in 1871 and 1881. I couldn’t find anyone familiar there in 1871, other than the Twilly family, but a Thomas Elger was there in 1881, with a wife, Emma, born in St Ives in 1833, and their three children – sure enough Emma Usher, Ann’s daughter, had married Thomas in the first quarter of 1875 in Leicester.  The family remained in Leicester, although their son Walter was in St Ives by 1911. Emma also seems to have a son, Henry, born c1870 with her in 1881, but I have not found either of them as yet in 1871, nor a definite birth registration for him. Emma was a shoe machinist.
 
Charles was a lodger in Leicester, described as a watchmaker in 1871. He married Annie Broadbridge in Leicester the following year when he was 22 years old. Annie was a British Subject, born in New York. They settled in St Margaret’s, Leicester, and they had 13 children between 1873 and 1892. The family were in Humberstone Gate in 1881 and 1891, presumably living “over the shop” and in 1901 they were in 48 Fosse Road. Charles was also a jeweller and died in 1907, when probate was granted to Charles Hugh Usher jeweller (his oldest son) and Benjamin Cox boot and shoe manufacturer. His effects were worth £4081 18s 4d.  In September 2009, an example of their work was found in a field in Rutland by a treasure hunter:  Found in  field
 
 
Walter the youngest son of John and Ann also went to Leicester. He married Mary Ann Ashford in Leicester in 1876 and they had five children. Walter was also a jeweller and a watch and clock repairer. When he died in 1929, probate was granted to Mary Ann Usher, his widow, and Fred Walter Usher (his son) jeweller. The estate was worth £4173 6s 9d.
 
 

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